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影視翻譯有怎樣的特點和流程?

時間:2019-05-24 11:33:32 作者:


  影視翻譯是現在重要并且常見的一種翻譯項目,想要做好影視翻譯首先要了解影視翻譯的特點和流程,下面北京翻譯公司給大家說說影視翻譯有怎樣的特點和流程?

  Movie and television translation is an important and common translation project now. To do a good job of film and television translation, we must first understand the characteristics and process of film and television translation. Now, Beijing Translation Company will tell you about the characteristics and process of film and television translation.

  影視翻譯的特點:

  The characteristics of film and television translation:

  1、具有即時性。影視劇中的語言屬于有聲語言,轉瞬即逝,因此一般要求聽眾一遍就能夠聽懂所說的是什么意思。

  1. Instant. The language in movies and TV plays belongs to the voiced language, which is fleeting. Therefore, audiences are generally required to understand what they are talking about once.

  2、具有大眾性。這是由影視翻譯的即時性決定的。影視藝術從誕生之日起就注定是一種大眾化的藝術。除了極少數的實驗性的作品之外,絕大多數的電影和電視劇是供人們觀賞的。因此影視劇的語言必須符合廣大觀眾的教育水平,要求能夠一聽就懂。這就規定了影視翻譯必須是以目的語觀眾為中心,要照顧到他們的語言水平,這就意味著影視翻譯的方法是以意譯為主的方法。

  2. It is popular. This is determined by the immediacy of film translation. Film and television art is destined to be a popular art from the day of its birth. Except for a few experimental works, the vast majority of movies and TV plays are for people to watch. Therefore, the language of movies and TV plays must be in line with the education level of the broad audience, and it is required to be able to understand them as soon as possible. This stipulates that film and television translation must be centered on the target language audience and take into account their language level, which means that the method of film and television translation is mainly free translation.

  3、簡潔化、口語化。影視翻譯多以人物對話或內心獨白或旁白的形式出現,即十分的口語化。基于影視翻譯的這些鮮明特點,所以,譯者在將其翻譯成為另一國的文字時,便不能不考慮語言風格的傳譯問 題,只有翻譯的簡潔明了,通俗易懂,才不會流失過多的觀眾。

  3. Simplification and colloquialism. Movie and television translation usually takes the form of character dialogue or inner monologue or narration, which is very oral. Based on these distinctive features of film and television translation, translators can not ignore the translation of language style when translating it into the language of another country. Only when the translation is concise and easy to understand, can it not lose too many audiences.

  影視翻譯的流程:

  The process of film and television translation:

  影視翻譯分為以下兩個翻譯層次:

  Film and television translation can be divided into the following two levels:

  1、原文資料再造—草翻資料—譯文這個過程組成。

  1. The process of source material reconstruction-scratching material-translation is composed.

  在第一個層次當中,第一步驟是指作者與譯者的互動交流。譯者需要以源語言做為背景語言,通過對源語言的分析來得到翻譯信息的正確表達。第二步驟則是譯者與觀眾之間的互動交流。在這個步驟中,譯者必須以目標語言做為背景語言,通過構建合理的場景,用精確的目標語來表達出觀眾們喜聞樂道的內容。第三步驟是第一步驟與第二步驟的合并,譯者在第三步驟中起到橋梁的作用。

  In the first level, the first step refers to the interaction between the author and the translator. Translators need to use the source language as the background language and get the correct expression of translation information through the analysis of the source language. The second step is the interaction between the translator and the audience. In this step, the translator must take the target language as the background language, and express the audience's favorite content by constructing reasonable scenes and using accurate target language. The third step is the combination of the first step and the second step, in which the translator acts as a bridge.

  2、由原文再造—譯文這個過程組成。

  2. It consists of the process of original text reconstruction-translation.

  無論是第一步還是第二步的翻譯過程都是無形的,譯者都應該以讀者觀眾的目的為出發點,否則這影視翻譯的進行就毫無意義了。

  Whether the first step or the second step of translation is invisible, the translator should take the target of the audience as the starting point, otherwise the film translation will be meaningless.

  以上就是給大家分享影視翻譯的特點和流程,希望對大家有幫助,想要了解更多相關內容,可以觀看本站其他文章!

  The above is to share with you the characteristics and process of film and television translation. I hope it will be helpful to you. If you want to know more about it, you can watch other articles on this site.

中譯國際翻譯(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

百慕大三角之谜