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口譯翻譯的要素是什么?

時間:2019-11-14 11:02:48 作者:


  現在翻譯的類型非常多,能夠滿足很多人的需求,不管是哪種口譯類型,都需要了解口譯翻譯的要素,下面中譯圖書翻譯公司給大家分享口譯翻譯的要素是什么?

  Now there are many types of translation, which can meet the needs of many people. No matter what kind of interpretation, we need to understand the elements of interpretation translation. What are the elements of interpretation translation shared by Chinese translation book translation company?

  1、 積累要素

  1. Accumulation factors

  提高口譯翻譯水平的過程實際上是一個積累的過程。先有積累,后有提高;沒有日積月累,就沒有扎實的功底和切實的提高。大量精美語句、閃光說法、地道表達的積累其實都是為最后的輸出打基礎。由于譯員在做口譯翻譯過程中的被動性和置身于大量語言信息中的困惑性、盲目性,因此,在還沒有做口譯翻譯之前就要整理好資料。

  The process of improving the level of interpretation translation is actually a process of accumulation. First there is accumulation, then there is improvement; without accumulation, there is no solid foundation and practical improvement. The accumulation of a large number of fine sentences, flash statements and authentic expressions is actually the foundation for the final output. Due to the passivity of the interpreter in the process of interpreting and the confusion and blindness of the interpreter in a large amount of language information, it is necessary to sort out the materials before interpreting.

  2、 靈活要素

  2. Flexible elements

  口譯翻譯過程中,我們在許多地方受阻,主要是蒙頭硬沖的結果.文字表達是“柔性的”,最能“克剛”,因此,硬沖肯定不是辦法。我們必須憑借“迂回表達法”。

  In the process of interpretation and translation, we are hindered in many places, mainly due to the result of the hard punch. The text expression is "flexible" and can "overcome the hardness" the most. Therefore, the hard punch is certainly not the way. We must rely on "circuitous expression".

  3、 聽與記憶要素

  3. Listening and memory elements

  無論是中高級譯員還是初級譯員,信息的輸入都是先經過耳朵,因此,這一環節的訓練應予以充分重視,即使是在口譯翻譯也不例外。但譯員無法僅僅憑借一場口譯翻譯就能提高聽力的需求。這需要譯員在口譯翻譯中進行經驗的累積。當然,譯員可以給自己提供一定量的練習,更重要的是可以為譯員之間進行交流指出“聽力和記憶”的方法。

  Both senior and junior translators input information first through their ears. Therefore, the training of this link should be given full attention, even in interpreting translation. But an interpreter can't improve his listening by only one interpretation translation. This requires translators to accumulate experience in interpreting translation. Of course, translators can provide themselves with a certain amount of practice, and more importantly, they can point out the methods of "listening and memory" for the communication between translators.

  4、 回顧要素

  4. Review elements

  聽了、記憶了,真到了口頭輸出的時候就要看回顧的能力了。不然的話,結果就像許多口譯翻譯員所遭遇的那樣:“我真的記憶了,記的時候心里蠻明白、蠻清醒的.但一要翻譯,大腦中卻一片空白了。“其實這就是回顧能力差,當然不排除理解能力還欠缺。

  After listening and memorizing, it really depends on the ability of review when it comes to oral output. Otherwise, the result is just like what many interpreters and translators encounter: "I really remember, when I remember, I was quite clear-minded, but when I wanted to translate, my brain was blank. "In fact, the ability to review is poor. Of course, the ability to understand is still lacking.

中譯國際翻譯(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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